Kunsan port and
Changhang port located on the southwestern of the Korean
||APPROACH AND ENTRANCE
The approaches to this port from the Yellow Sea lead through the estuary of
the Kum River, with main approach through the south channel. Because of the bar
where the mean low is given as 7.3 meters, entry to the upstream berths should
be effected between three hours before and three hours after high water and in
daylight hours. Night entry is prohibited, and departure is best made in
daylight at high slack.
The entrance of the main channel is marked by a light buoy moored about
1.8km WSW direction of the islet, Bieung-Do (Hiyo-To), 35¡Æ56¡ÇN 126¡Æ31¡ÇE
which lies towards the west end of the mud bank extending from the shore along
the south of the channel.
||TIDES AND WEATHER
At Jug-Do, an islet at the entrance of the north channel of Kunsan
the an high water interval is two hours 58 minutes, mean spring rise 6.5m, neap
rise is 4.87m. The main range of tide at Kunsan is 4.6m, the spring range 5.8m. At
this anchorage off the floating piers the flood tidal current runs for about 5¨ö
knots. The slack lasts about 15 minutes. Near the northwestern end of the
anchorage the flood current gets to a maximum of over 3 knots and three hours
after low channel, attaining a velocity of about 4 knots. Near the entrance of the south channel the slack curs about 30
minutes after high water at Jug-Do and about 50 minutes after low water.
vicinity of the POL pier the current sometimes reaches a velocity of from 6 to 8
knots. A tidal observation station marked by a red light is located at about 926m
WNW direction of Minya-Am beacon.
The prevailing winds are between northeast and northwest in the winter and
between southeast and southwest in summer. Rainfalls are an average of 104 days
a year, normally the rainy months are July and August. Fog is most prevalent
during June and July. It sometimes lasts for several days, but is usually of a
Pilotage is compulsory. Vessels pick up pilots near Bieung-Do about 21km from
Kunsan at 2 hours prior to High-tide.
Pilot cannot board during rough weather. Seven pilots are available and
should be arranged at least 24 hours in advance. Due to the constantly changing
bottom conditions vessels should not attempt to enter without a pilot.
Quarantine anchorage/pilot station is located in the 35¡Æ59.5¡ÇN / 126¡Æ27.8¡ÇE,
where bearing 278 degrees and 2.3 miles from Myungam racon "K" inner
berth, 35-58-20N / 126-37-25E where eastward of Jangsan-do island.
Postal, overseas telephone, cable services for crew, radio and television,
are available and ship's radars can be repaired at the Kunsan port. Master of the
vessel who intends to call at Kunsan is requested to advise information of best
ETA and necessities at least 12 hours prior to ship's arrival through VHF CH
16 or telegram to the chief of the port authority (KMPA, Kunsan).
There are three anchorages within the
Kunsan area of the harbour. The
maximum safe draft of the deepest is 6.4m, the other two being 5.18m and 5.5m
respectively. The diameters of these berths are slightly restricted, but
constant E-W and W-E currents should permit the use without danger of grounding,
though cross winds should be watched. Vessels need to anchor fore and aft as
there are no mooring buoys and the ground is poor.
|| ENTRANCE RESTRICTION
Kunsan is tidal port and entrance and/or departure of deep draft vessels can
only be made at or near high water. Daylight entry and/or departure only should
|| CHANNEL DEPTH
Channel approach to inner harbour is limited and the allowable draft of the
vessel in the channel should be recently calculated as ;
The heights of water on tide table plus 4.80m of basic water in the channel.
(for example, in case 6.53m at 14:03 hrs / 31st December, 1998 on high tide,
the allowable draft is 6.53m + 4.80m = 11.33m)
There are four buoy moorings (between detached breakwater and quayway No.
(1) designed to accommodate a T-L tanker). Although the depth of his mooring is
five fathoms (LLW), the approach can only be made near high water.
There are total six alongside berths including three of new outer port
facilities. Kunsan main port is equipped with three floating piers consisting of
three large steel pontoons controlled by counter balance weights connected with
ramps adjoining the river wall. Newly constructed outer port has total length of
525 meters new pier accommodating for three large vessels alongside at the
The outer harbour consists of 1, 2 and 3 piers where the range
of berth depth is about 9.0 to 9.1m on Low Tide and vessels should be kept the
draft not exceed than 9.0m for ship's safety.
- Pier 1 : 3 vessels for General cargoes, Log, Sand, and grain
- Pier 2 : 3 vessels for General cargoes, Log, Stone and Scrap
- Pier 3 : 4 vessels for Cement, General cargoes/etc
The normal official working hours of the customs and
immigration services are ;
- Weekday : 09 : 00 to 17 : 00 hrs.
- Saturday : 09 : 00 to 13 : 00 hrs.
Clearance of vessels by these two services, arrival and departure may be
effected outside the above hours as far as possible, provided application for
these being made during the above official hours.
11 units of 50-140tons of cranes are available through the stevedores.
One 30 tons lifting capacity's rail crane is in Pier no.1, owned and operated by
Korea Express co., Kunsan branch.